How to use the Windows Disk Error Checking feature on an external drive

Details the proper procedures for running the Microsoft Windows 8/7/Vista/XP/2000 error-checking utility called "CheckDisk".

Hard disk drive data integrity is always on the minds of end users. This document details the preferred procedure for performing the Microsoft Windows error-checking utility known as checkdisk.

  1. Windows 8: Press Windows key () + X.
    Windows 7/Vista/XP: Right-click on (My) Computer and select Manage.
  2. Select Disk Management.
  3. In the bottom window, right-click on the partition box, which is found to the right of the box containing the Disk number (ie, Disk 1).
  4. In the dropdown menu, select Properties.

  5. In the Properties menu, select the Tools tab.
  6. Select Check now...

Command-Line Procedure:

To execute CHKDSK:

  1. Windows 8: Press Windows key (a) + X, then select Command Prompt (Admin).
    Windows 7/Vista:
    1. Click on the Start menu.
    2. In the Search programs and files field, type:
      and press Enter.
    Windows XP:
    1. Click on the Start menu.
    2. Select Run...
    3. In the Run window, type:
      and press Enter.
  2. From the window, type:
    chkdsk x: /f
    where x is the drive letter of the drive you want to test.
SeaTools for Windows can also be used to test Seagate, Samsung, and Maxtor-brand external drives for errors. For further information on how to use SeaTools, please refer to Document ID: 202435

REFERENCE TO THIRD PARTIES AND THIRD PARTY WEB SITES. Seagate references third parties and third party products as an informational service only, it is not an endorsement or recommendation - implied or otherwise - of any of the listed companies. Seagate makes no warranty - implied or otherwise - regarding the performance or reliability of these companies or products. Each company listed is independent from Seagate and is not under the control of Seagate; therefore, Seagate accepts no responsibility for and disclaims any liability from the actions or products of the listed companies. You should make your own independent evaluation before conducting business with any company. To obtain product specifications and warranty information, please contact the respective vendor directly. There are links in this document that will permit you to connect to third-party web sites over which Seagate has no control. These links are provided for your convenience only and your use of them is at your own risk. Seagate makes no representations whatsoever about the content of any of these web sites. Seagate does not endorse or accept any responsibility for the content, or use, of any such web sites.